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Depression

Depression – A Guide to Someone Struggling

Depression, a word that that has become the topic of discussion nowadays. Sorrow, feelings of hopelessness, and experiencing a lack of enthusiasm or satisfaction of daily things are common feelings for all of us. But if they continue and greatly impact our health, the problem may be depression. Although some people view depression as “living in a dark hole” or experiencing an imminent doom, others are experiencing this as lifeless, hollow, and indifferent.

Getting a deeper understanding of mental illness can help you start the recovery journey. Spending the time to study more about the causes and signs of depression would be a great benefit when evaluating treatment approaches. So, here in this post, I am going to discuss everything you need to know about depression.

What Exactly Is Depression?

Depression is a feeling of mood disorder and aversion to behavior which may affect the thinking, behavior, emotions, and state of well-being of an individual. Persons with the depressive state may feel sad, anxious, empty, meaningless, powerless, useless, culpable, short-tempered, embarrassed, or restless. It is distinct from the mood swings that people face regularly as a part of everyday life.

Causes of Depression:

Like what you might have seen on TV commercials, seen in newspaper papers, or even learned from a doctor, depression is not merely the result of a chemical imbalance in the brain, getting too much or too little of any brain chemicals that can be treated easily with medicine.

Genetic factors can certainly play a significant role in depression, which include inflammation, hormone imbalances, and problems with the immune system, irregular brain activity, nutrient deficiencies, and the decline of brain cells. But socio-cultural factors such as past abuse, substance use, and abuse, loneliness, low self-esteem, and preferences of lifestyle can also play a big part.

There is no single cause of depression because it relies on a specific set of the biological profile of a person and living environment. There are lots of factors to consider:

  • Legacy of familial depression.
  • Changes in the hormone.
  • Medications side effects.
  • Tense, painful experiences such as financial problems, a loved one’s death, violence, etc.
  • Record of several other anxieties, post-traumatic stress conditions.
  • Brain structure: There’s a greater likelihood of depression if the brain’s frontal lobe is less involved. Scientists, still, don’t know whether this occurs before or after depressive symptoms have begun.

Sometimes, the causes of depression are connected to other health elements. Healthcare professionals are however unable to determine what causes depression in many instances.

Signs and Symptoms of Depression

Men, women, and teens may perceive the depression symptoms differently, but some popular symptoms and signs do exist. It is worth noting that these signs can be a part of the regular lows of life. But the more symptoms you have, the worse they become, and the longer they last, the more probably you become coping with depression.

10 Common Symptoms of Depression:

  1. Loss of energy: You may feel fatigued, tired, and exhausted mentally. Your entire body may realize heaviness and even tiny tasks may be tiring or take time and effort.
  2. Anger or irritability: You feel agitated, uneasy, or violent even. The level of tolerance is poor, short temper, and you get irritated easily.
  3. The Problem in focusing: You trouble in making a decision, or memorizing things.
  4. Sleeping problem: You may feel sleepy all the time or either insomnia, particularly waking up in the early hours of the morning.
  5. Change in weight: Sudden weight loss or gain. You can also experience a rise in body weight in a month by more than 5 percent.
  6. Inexplicable pains and aches: The rise in physical symptoms such as headaches, back problems, sore muscles, and pain in the abdomen.
  7. The low feeling of self-esteem: High feelings of shame or powerlessness. You blame yourself strongly for perceived errors and weaknesses.
  8. Lack of interest in daily tasks: Previous interests, pastimes, social events no longer matter to you. You’ve lost the feeling of your happiness and pleasure.
  9. Thoughts of impotence and hopelessness: A gloomy viewpoint that nothing will ever get happier and you can’t do anything to change your condition.
  10. Irresponsible behavior: You participate in offbeat activities such as alcohol abuse, gambling addiction, careless driving, or risky games.

Symptoms of Depression in Men:

Depressed men are less likely to admit self-loathing and hopeless feelings. They prefer to talk of exhaustion, tiredness, issues with sleep, and lack of interest in work and leisure activities, instead. They also have a greater risk of experiencing symptoms such as anger, hostility, reckless behavior, and drug abuse.

Other Symptoms Include:

  • Continuing work without interruption.
  • Difficulty in keeping with work and family duties.
  • Eviting family members and social conditions.
  • Showing inappropriate behavior, or controlling relationship issues.

Symptoms of Depression in Women:

Women are much more likely to experience depression symptoms such as significant guilt feelings, over-sleeping, overeating, and excess weight. Women’s depression is also affected by hormonal changes during menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause. Postpartum depression typically affects up to one in seven women who experience distress after childbirth.

Other Symptoms Include:

  • Mood swings
  • Tiredness
  • Fear
  • Negative thoughts
  • Frustration

Symptoms of Depression in Teens: 

Frustration, anger, and restlessness are often the symptoms that are most visible in depressed teens, not sadness. They may also be complaining about headaches, stomachs, or other emotional stress.

Other Symptoms Include:

  • Beginning to feel culpable, helpless, or useless.
  • Withdrew from family members and friends.
  • Trouble focusing on homework.
  • Restlessness, like the impossibility of sitting still.

Symptoms of Depression in College Students:

College time can be overwhelming, and for the first time, a person may be interacting with different lifestyles, societies, and experiences. Some students are having trouble dealing with these transitions, and as a result, they may experience depression, anxiety, or even both.

Other Symptoms Include:

  • Insomnia
  • Trouble focusing on homework.
  • Minimize or maximize in appetite.
  • Eviting social interactions and events they used to enjoy.

Symptoms of Depression in Old Age People:

Older adults usually complain more about the physical things than the depression’s emotional signs and symptoms; things like tiredness, unexplained aches and pains, and problems with memory. They also overlook their physical life and avoid taking vital health drugs.

Treatment:

Depression can be treated and typically requires the below-mentioned elements in treating the symptoms:

  1. Support: This can vary from debating workable solutions and potential reasons to attempting to educate family members.
  2. Psychotherapy: Taking talking therapy or one-to-one consultation and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).
  3. Mediations: As prescribes by the doctors.
  4. Exercise: Focus on physical activity for about 30 minutes 3 to 5 days a week. Exercise will increase the development of endorphins in your body which are hormones that enhance your mood.

Conclusion: Depression may be acute or can be a problem in the long run. Treatment doesn’t always absolutely make the depression go away. Treatment, however, often renders symptoms easier to manage. Managing depressive symptoms requires discovering the right mix of medicines and therapies. If friends and family support and healthy lifestyle choices are just not enough, it might be time to seek assistance from the famous hospital near you.