Controlling your diabetes is challenging but a little effort can help you rule over it. Keeping your blood sugar level within the range as recommended by the doctors is difficult because there are things that make your blood sugar levels change quite suddenly. But before discussing how to control it, it is important to learn what exactly diabetes is and how it occurs. Diabetes is a group of metabolic disease which causes a high level of sugar in the blood. Metabolic diseases are the one that disrupts the normal metabolism, a mechanism of converting food into energy. Diabetes may happen because of insufficient insulin production by the pancreas or even when the body’s cell does not respond to the insulin produced.
Types of Diabetes:
There are 3 types of diabetes- Type 1 diabetes is a condition where insulin is not produced by one’s body. This typically happens during childhood or adolescence but can occur at any age. You need to take insulin daily to live. The other type of diabetes is when body cells fail to respond to the insulin it produces. This is Type-2 diabetes and about 90 percent of diabetes cases are of this type. To control this type of diabetes, you need to take either insulin or medication. The 3rd type of diabetes is gestational diabetes. It is caused by the hormones released during pregnancy which blocks insulin. It occurs only during pregnancy. In most cases, it goes off, after the birth of the baby. But even it goes down, the chances of these women’s and their children getting diabetic is greater in life.
Symptoms of Diabetes: Common symptoms include:
- The blurring of vision.
- Having frequent urination.
- Slow recovery of wounds
- Dull, itchy skin
- Too much hungry or thirsty
Type 1 diabetes occurs faster and can cause symptoms such as weight loss or a state known as ketoacidosis. This state occurs when our body high blood sugar but little to no insulin.
Type 2 diabetes may cause dark patches on the skin folds like on the neck or in the armpit. This type of diabetes takes longer to diagnose and you may experience symptoms such as pain or numbness in your feet.
Symptoms of both forms of diabetes may appear at any age but type-1 typically appears in young adults and children. Type-2 exists in individuals with the age of 45 years or more. Yet because of unhealthy lifestyles and jump in weight, younger people are more and more dealing with type-2 diabetes.
How to cope up with Diabetes?
When you’re dealing with diabetes it is normal to feel frustrated, sad, and angry. So, here in this section, there are some tips that will help you deal with your diabetes.
- Reduce stress: Stress may raise your blood sugar level. So, try to alleviate your stress by taking a long breath, meditate, do things that you like the most, listen to your favorite music, etc. You can also talk to your health counselor to support you and help you feel better. Studies of people with type 1 diabetes have shown that blood sugar levels rise up for most people under mental stress and dropping for others. If you have type 2 diabetes and you feel pressure, then your glucose will increase.
- Eat well: Have 3 times meals per day, and try to equally space them out. Strive to have the same amount of carbs in each meal. Also, it is better to eat less processed food such as oatmeal, popcorn, brown rice, etc because they contain a lower glycemic index, which means it has a lesser effect on your blood sugar. Eat more fiber-rich food like bread, whole grains, beans, crackers, etc. choose foods such as low-fat or skim milk or cheese, fruits, vegetables, cereals, etc. drink more water instead of juice or soda. Plan to provide a healthy balance of starches, fruits, vegetables, proteins, fats as much as possible for every meal.
- Be active: Routinely physical exercise will help you help well. It helps improves your insulin sensitivity, ensuring that your body functions well. Exercise also helps you in alleviating stress. Set an objective and make a plan of what exercise you will do and when. For instance, you can decide to have a 30-minute walk every day. It is important to note that by doing exercise your blood sugar lowers, so, talk to your doctor about changing prescription or insulin dosage to keep your sugar level way up. While exercising, drink plenty of water or other fluids because dehydration will affect blood sugar levels. Also, keep some small snacks or glucose tablets with you in case your blood sugar level drops.
- Medication: Insulin and medicines for diabetes are planned to lower the blood sugar level when exercise and diet alone are not enough to control it. But the effectiveness and dosage of these medications depend on the timings and the dosage size. Pills you take for other illnesses also impact your blood sugar level. If your diabetes medicine causes your blood sugar level to drop too low or too high, then you may need to adjust the dosage and the timings. If you are taking non-prescription medicine or your doctor prescribes a new drug to treat another disease, such as high blood pressure or high cholesterol, ask your doctor or pharmacist whether your blood sugar levels could be affected by the medicine.
- Have a sound sleep: A minimum of 8-hour sleep is very necessary. It encourages healthy mental and physical well-being. If your sleeping habits are not correct, then your blood sugar level and insulin sensitivity may get influenced, which is a root cause of weight gain. Maintaining a good sleeping routine can help you maintain blood sugar levels and weight control.
- Alcohol: Normally, the liver releases accumulated sugar to combat the falling blood sugar levels. But if your liver is busy metabolizing alcohol, your blood sugar level may not get the boost your liver requires. Alcohol can cause low blood sugar soon after you drink it and for as many as 24 hours longer. If you are taking insulin or other drugs for diabetes, make sure to feed before you drink or drink with a meal to avoid low blood sugar. If you drink alcohol, test your blood sugar before you go to bed when you drink, and the next day.
Type 1 diabetes does not get cured. It demands lifelong management of the disease. But you might be able to prevent more severe complications of the disease with regular monitoring and adherence to the medication.
Type 2 diabetes can be treated effectively if you work closely with your doctor and make healthy lifestyle choices.
Conclusion: We hope you find this blog useful. The more you know about reasons affecting your blood sugar level, the more variations you can predict and thus helping you schedule accordingly. If you have any issues maintaining your blood sugar level within range, then we MemorialHospitalSonipat.com is there for you. We will help you treat diabetes in the best possible way we can.