Many changes take place in the body during the pregnancy, the first thirteen weeks also known as the first trimester are very important. Both the mind and body require extra care and attention. Diet has a major role to play both for the mother and the baby.
Proper nourishment is very vital for the mother’s health and the proper growth of a healthy and normal baby. Any deficiency may lead to abnormal development of the baby and at the same time deal with the changes that the mother’s body goes through. Gynecologist in Sonipat ensures that proper care is given to you right from the first day of your pregnancy so that the child develops in the healthiest manner.
Changes taking place in the body in the first trimester.
As soon as the pregnancy starts hormonal changes start taking place in the body. Estrogen and progesterone levels start increasing. With these several changes start taking place. Nausea, vomiting, no desire for food, morning sickness are some of the problems that the mother faces.
An increase in progesterone makes the muscles less active and many ladies face constipation A hormone called Human Chorionic Gonadotropin is also Increased. Due to this, there is frequent urination and nausea. The body starts preparing for milk production so the breasts start becoming sore and some ladies experience bleeding when the embryo implant takes place.
As soon as the lady goes to the doctor and the pregnancy is confirmed the doctor prescribes a set of medicines and gives a diet chart. This is very important to follow as the diet plays a very important role during pregnancy. This diet is key to all the nutrients and vitamins that the mother and the baby need.
What nutrients are required by the body during pregnancy?
Vitamin A, B, C, folic acid or iron, Calcium, and Iodine are some of the basic nutrients that the expectant mother must take either in form of tablets or diet.
The doctor or the dietician will prescribe a diet plan that includes all these things and will also give some tablets.
Vitamine, B, and C are essential for the overall physical well-being of the baby and the mother. They help in making the immune system of the baby strong and for them, it is important for lactation. Calcium is essential for the development of the bones of the baby and in the prevention of osteoporosis in the mother. Folic acid or iron reduces the risk of congenital disabilities in the baby and maintains the hemoglobin in the mother. Iodine is also required and has an important role in the development of the cognitive abilities of the baby. Sonipat hospital for all new mother needs makes sure that the proper care and advice is given from time to time.
What should be avoided in the first 13 weeks of pregnancy?
During pregnancy, constipation is a very common problem. This happens due to two reasons: one because of an increase in hormones and the second due to the intake of folic acid as it causes constipation in some people. Therefore, foods that cause constipation should be avoided. Alcohol and smoking are very dangerous to the unborn baby. Drugs should be avoided as they may retard the growth of the baby. Foods containing caffeine are not good at all and should not be a part of the diet. Raw papaya and pineapple are not good for the growth of the baby there should be avoided.
Home-cooked food is the best for pregnant ladies and outside food should be avoided. Many ladies develop diabetes during pregnancy and this food may induce this condition because of the high-calorie level in the food.
Always eat food that contains a good amount of vitamins, iron, calcium, and protein. Organic food is the best.
The diet of a pregnant lady should contain proteins, minerals so fruits and vegetables, whole grain, and dairy products.
The way is to plan a diet with three full meals and three light snacks. Plan them with the following things included.
- Dairy products: Extra protein and calcium is needed for the growing little one so dairy products are the best source of all these. In addition to this, they also provide zinc, phosphorus, vitamins, and magnesium.
- Vitamin A is essential for the development of the body and sweet potatoes are the best source so include them in your food. They are also loaded with beta carotene which is ultimately converted into vitamin A.
- Eggs are very good for health. They have high-quality protein, fat, and many vitamins and minerals
- Meats like beef, pork, chicken, are rich in iron, protein, and other vitamins,
- Berries: These contain healthy carbs, water, fiber, vitamin C, and antioxidants.
- Dry foods contain lots of nutrients as fresh fruit and lots of recommended vitamins and minerals.
Water is important to remain hydrated and increases blood volume by 45%. It also relieves constipation and reduces the risk of urinary tract infection which is very common during pregnancy.