Coronavirus, a virus that started making headlines worldwide in early 2020 due to its incredible speed of spread. From its root in a seafood and meat market in Wuhan, China, in December 2019 to countries as far-spread as the USA and Philippines, the virus called SARS-COV-2 has infected thousands, with the death toll now rising to 33, 997 people. Despite quarantining Wuhan and other Chinese cities, the COVID-19 has spread to 199 countries and territories worldwide. Indeed, the global panic in the news about this virus, you’re unlikely to be infected by SARS-COV-2 unless you have been in touch with the one who has SARS-COV-2 disease. In this post, I am going to share exactly what is Coronavirus, its symptoms, precautions, the myths about it, and how you can prevent it from spreading to others if you think you have in contact with this virus.
What is COVID-19 (CoronaVirus Disease-2019)?
COVID-19 is a virus that is presented in animals which can usually be transmitted from animals to humans and then spread from one person to another. It is a disease that can cause respiratory tract infection. This can affect your upper respiratory tract (sinus, nose, and throat) or lower respiratory tract (windpipe and lungs). COVID-19 is one of the seven forms of CoronaVirus including those causing serious diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). The other Coronaviruses cause most of the colds during the year that affect us but are not a significant threat to other healthy people.
What causes COVID-19?
Exactly, how dangerous is COVID-19 is unknown. It seems to spread between those in close contact from person to person. This can be spread by the respiratory droplets released while someone is coughing or sneezing with the virus. If that person is within 6 feet from you, you can breathe in those droplets and you’re not even going to know you made it. This can also spread when someone touches the surface with the virus on it and then touches his eyes, nose, or mouth. One study shows that COVID-19 will survive on different types of surfaces for several hours i.e. on copper, it lasts for 4 hours, on cardboard up to 24 hours and on plastic or stainless steel, up to 2-3 days. That is why disinfecting surfaces is necessary in order to get rid of the virus.
Symptoms of COVID-19
Every day, doctors are learning new things about this virus. Symptoms of COVID-19 vary from mild to extreme. Symptoms take 2-14 days to develop. Certain common symptoms directly related to COVID-19 include:
- Shortness of breath.
- Low-grade fever that rises slowly in temperature.
- Cough that is more severe over time.
People who are older or have severe medical problems, such as heart or lung disease or diabetes, may have an elevated risk of serious illness. One with the weak immune system can develop more severe symptoms, such as pneumonia and bronchitis. Other symptoms can also include runny nose, sore throat, aches, and tiredness.
Precautions of COVID-19
- Maintain social distancing.
- Escape people who’re sick and not to meet people in large groups.
- Stay at home if you’re sick.
- Not to cough on your hands.
- Use tissue or handkerchief while coughing or cover your mouth with upper sleeve or elbow when coughing or sneezing.
- Avoid using public transportation if you’re ill.
- If you’re ill, stop sharing of plates, drinks, bedding, and other household items.
- Clean your hands regularly with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60 percent alcohol, particularly after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing.
- Feed a balanced diet. Get plenty of sleep. Exercising. Don’t use alcohol or tobacco products to cope with stress.
Treatment for COVID-19
COVID-19 actually does not have any vaccine or therapy till now. Coronavirus signs generally go away by themselves. Tell the doctor if the symptoms sound worse than a common cold. He or she can prescribe medicine for pain or for fever. Currently, the FDA advises people to be vigilant about websites and stores selling COVID-19 items that claim to prevent, treat or cure. Moreover, don’t take any sort of chloroquine unless your family doctor prescribes it for you and orders it from a reputable source. Drink fluids as with a cold or flu, and get plenty of rest. If you have breathing problems seek urgent medical attention. Also, Antibiotics do not help, since they treat bacteria rather than viruses. If you hear of people having antibiotics with COVID-19, it’s for an infection that came along with the disease.
How to prevent it from spreading if you have symptoms of COVID-19?
Whether you have COVID-19 or believe that you may have the COVID-19 causing virus you should seek medical attention. You have many choices, including being seen by your primary health care provider, to seek medical treatment. The CDC (Center for Disease Control and Prevention) suggests first contacting the doctor to take the appropriate measures to prepare for your visit and protect others from possible exposure to the COVID-19 virus. Some healthcare providers often give virtual visits via their smartphone or laptop so you do not need to leave your home for an initial evaluation.
Conclusion: Above everything, don’t worry. You will not have to wear a mask or be quarantined unless you believe that you have contracted the virus or that you have a verified test result. If you are infected with COVID-19, keep calm and follow your doctor’s orders so that you can heal and help avoid spreading.